A Novartis Phase III study of Afinitor (everolimus) tablets in combination with Sandostatin LAR (octreotide acetate for injectable suspension) extended median progression-free survival (PFS), or time without tumour growth, in patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumours (NET) compared to taking octreotide LAR alone.
The study, RADIANT-2 (RAD001 In Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumours), was presented at the 35th European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress and is part of the largest clinical trial program in patients with advanced NET.
Everolimus is not approved in this patient population. Octreotide LAR is indicated for the treatment of symptoms associated with functional gastroenteropancreatic-NET (GEP-NET).
The study did not meet its primary endpoint of PFS based on central radiologic review of the data (p=0.026 versus p=0.024 predefined). Findings demonstrated that everolimus plus octreotide LAR provided a clinically meaningful extension in the median time without tumor growth from 11.3 to 16.4 months when compared with placebo plus octreotide LAR (hazard ratio=0.77.
Further analyses of the study data were conducted using a well-established statistical model to adjust for imbalances in baseline characteristics between the two treatment arms and inconsistencies between the review of radiology scans for disease progression. The results show that everolimus plus octreotide LAR provided a statistically significant reduction in the risk of disease progression by 40% versus octreotide LAR alone.
Patients examined in the study had advanced NET that originated in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, lungs and other locations in the body, also known as carcinoid tumors, which are the most common form of NET. Neuroendocrine tumors are a rare cancer that can cause symptoms such as flushing and diarrhea. Most patients with NET are not diagnosed until their disease has advanced, meaning the cancer has spread to other parts of the body and has become more difficult to treat. Patients with advanced NET usually have a five year survival rate of less than 35%.
“A key goal of treating patients with advanced NET is to extend time without tumour growth,” said Prof Marianne Pavel, MD, Leader, Section for Neuroendocrine Tumours and Clinical Trial Unit in Neuroendocrine Tumours, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, and primary investigator of the RADIANT-2 trial.
“This Phase III study is important because it shows that everolimus plus octreotide LAR may provide a viable new treatment approach for patients with advanced NET, where there is a high unmet need.”
Results from the Phase III RADIANT-3 trial, which were also presented at the ESMO Congress, show that everolimus more than doubled median time without tumour growth from 4.6 to 11.0 months when compared with placebo in patients with advanced pancreatic NET.