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Published on 19 December 2014

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Tresiba® receives positive opinion from CHMP for treatment of children with diabetes

Novo Nordisk announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has issued a positive opinion for expanded use of Tresiba® (insulin degludec) in children and adolescents aged 1–17 years with diabetes. Once the European Commission approves the licence extension, physicians in the European Union will be able to prescribe insulin degludec to children and adolescents aged 1–17 with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Novo Nordisk announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has issued a positive opinion for expanded use of Tresiba® (insulin degludec) in children and adolescents aged 1–17 years with diabetes. Once the European Commission approves the licence extension, physicians in the European Union will be able to prescribe insulin degludec to children and adolescents aged 1–17 with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

According to the International Diabetes Federation, an estimated 497,100 children under 15 years are living globally with type 1 diabetes and rates of type 2 diabetes among children are also on the increase (1).

When treating children and adolescents with diabetes, getting patients to target while minimising side effects is always a priority,” said Dr Nandu Thalange, paediatric endocrinologist at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, United Kingdom and the lead study investigator of the BEGIN® YOUNG 1 trial. “This latest CHMP recommendation for insulin degludec offers patients between the ages of 1 and 17 a once-daily basal insulin which allows patients to get to target with a reduced risk of hyperglycaemia with ketosis versus insulin detemir.”

The positive CHMP opinion for expanded use of insulin degludec in children and adolescents is based on efficacy and tolerability data from the BEGIN® YOUNG 1 trial, which is the first study to look into the long-term safety of insulin degludec in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Results show that insulin degludec given once daily in combination with insulin aspart maintained long-term glycaemic control (2).

Insulin degludec was approved in Europe in 2013 for once-daily use in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes as a monotherapy and in combination with oral antidiabetic (OAD) medicinal products or with mealtime insulin. In May 2014, insulin degludec was approved for combination use with GLP-1 receptor agonists (3).

About the study
The BEGIN® YOUNG 1 trial was a randomised controlled, 26-week open-label, treat-to-target trial (with a 26-week extension) investigating the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec, given once-daily, and insulin detemir, given once- or twice-daily, both in combination with bolus insulin aspart in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (2).

Insulin degludec met the primary endpoint of non-inferiority to insulin detemir for mean change in HbA1c (p<0.05) at 26 weeks. In the 26-week extension a lower insulin dose and a significantly greater reduction in fasting plasma glucose (FPG*) versus insulin detemir (p<0.05) was achieved (2). Both regimens had similar rates of overall, nocturnal, and severe hypoglycaemia (2). Of note, patients on insulin degludec had significantly lower rates of hyperglycaemia with ketosis (p<0.05) (2). Weight (measured as SD score†) increased with insulin degludec and remained unchanged with insulin detemir (2). Adverse event profiles were similar for insulin degludec and insulin detemir (2).

About Tresiba®
Tresiba® (insulin degludec) is a once-daily basal insulin that provides a long duration of action beyond 42 hours (3,4). It is important for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes to establish a routine for insulin treatment. On occasions when administration at the same time of day is not possible, insulin degludec allows for flexibility in day-to-day dosing time when needed (3,5,6).

Insulin degludec has received regulatory approval in Argentina, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, the EU, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Lichtenstein, Macedonia, Mexico, Nepal, Norway, Russia, South Korea, Switzerland and the UAE.

About Novo Nordisk
Headquartered in Denmark, Novo Nordisk is a global healthcare company with more than 90 years of innovation and leadership in diabetes care. The company also has leading positions within haemophilia care, growth hormone therapy and hormone replacement therapy. Novo Nordisk employs approximately 40,700 employees in 75 countries, and markets its products in more than 180 countries. For more information, visit novonordisk.co.uk.

* FPG measures the concentration of glucose in the plasma after the patient has not eaten for at least 8 hours.
†Standard deviation (SD) measures the amount of variation from the average. A low standard deviation indicates that the data points are close to the average; a high standard deviation indicates that the data points are spread out over a large range of values.

References:

  1. International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes Atlas, sixth edition. The global burden. Available at: http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/EN_6E_Ch2_the_Global_Burden.pdf Last accessed: November 2014.
  2. Thalange N, et al. Long-term efficacy and safety of insulin degludec in combination with bolus insulin aspart in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia. 2014;57(Suppl.1):S395.
  3. Tresiba® Summary of Product Characteristics. Bagsværd, Denmark, Novo Nordisk A/S; 2014.
  4. Haahr H, Heise T. A review of the pharmacological properties of insulin degludec and their clinical relevance. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014;53:787–800.
  5. Meneghini L, et al. The efficacy and safety of insulin degludec given in variable once-daily dosing intervals compared with insulin glargine and insulin degludec dosed at the same time daily. Diabetes Care. 2013;36:858–64.
  6. Mathieu C, et al. Efficacy and safety of insulin degludec in a flexible dosing regimen vs insulin glargine in patients with type 1 diabetes (BEGIN: Flex T1): a 26-week randomized, treat-to-target trial with a 26-week extension. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;98:1154–62.


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