Tibotec announced today results of a new study (VX950-C208), which showed that sustained virologic response (SVR) was achieved in more than 80 percent of treatment-naïve patients with chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) who took telaprevir, administered either every 8 hours or every 12 hours, in combination with standard of care.
Telaprevir, an investigational STAT-C (Specifically Targeted Antiviral Therapy for hepatitis C), is being co-developed by Tibotec in collaboration with Vertex Pharmaceuticals. The study was presented today at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (The Liver Meeting).
In the phase II study, which enrolled 161 treatment-naïve genotype 1 patients, rates of SVR (defined as undetectable HCV RNA at 24 weeks after completion of treatment) ranged from 81 to 85 percent in patients treated with the every 8 hour telaprevir-based regimen, and 82 to 83 percent in patients treated with the every twelve hour regimen. Adverse events (AEs) were similar to those observed in other trials with telaprevir and were mainly haematologic (anaemia) and cutaneous (rash and pruritus) in nature.
For the vast majority of patients, these high SVR rates were obtained with only 24 weeks of total treatment (half the duration of current standard of care). Total duration of treatment was decided using a criteria based on treatment response. Subjects who achieved undetectable HCV RNA at week 4 (rapid virologic response or RVR) and maintained this through week 20, were allowed to stop all treatment at week 24. Only 18% of subjects were required to continue standard treatment up to week 48.
Approximately 180 million people worldwide are infected with HCV, the most common cause of liver transplant in Europe. People with HCV genotype 1 currently face treatment limitations, including a standard of care that cures just 40 to 50 percent of patients. Without effective treatment, HCV can lead to serious and fatal diseases of the liver, including liver cancer.
“The data presented today show that a significant number of treatment-naïve genotype 1 HCV patients achieved sustained virologic response with telaprevir, in combination with standard of care,” said professor Patrick Marcellin from Hôpital Beaujon in Clichy, France.
“Telaprevir, which directly targets the virus by aiming to block its replication, could allow shortening treatment duration and increasing cure rates in people with HCV, [compared to standard of care] offering a new approach to treating HCV.”